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About Qatar

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 History & Geography

Qatar is a peninsula located halfway down the west coast of the Arabian Gulf. Its territory comprises a number of islands including Halul, Sheraouh, Al-Ashat and others.

Topographic Features The terrain is flat and rocky with some low-rising limestone outcrops in Dukhan area in the west and Jabal Fuwairit in the north. It is characterized by a variety of geographical phenomena including many coves, inlets, depressions and surface rainwater-draining basins known as riyadh (the gardens), which are found mainly in the north and central part of the peninsula. These areas have the most fertile soil and are rich in vegetation.
Land Area The total land area of Qatar is approximately 11,521 square kilometres.
Population The population of Qatar is over 1,700,000 (1.7 million) inhabitants as of July 2011; 83% of inhabitants reside in Doha and its main suburb Al-Rayyan
Capital City Doha
Official Language Arabic is the official language in Qatar, and English is widely spoken
Religion Islam is the official religion of the country, and the Shariah (Islamic Law) is a main source of its legislations
Climate Qatar has a moderate desert climate with long hot summers and short mild winters and little rain in winter
Major Towns Doha, Al Wakrah, Al Khor, Dukhan, Al Shamal, Mesaieed, Ras Laffan and others
Currency The official currency is the Qatari Riyal (QR), which is divided into 100 dirhams. The Exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of US $ = 3.65QR's
National Day The 18th of December every year in commemoration of Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammad Bin Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar
Public holidays National Day: 18th of December
Eid Al-Fitr Holiday: Starts from the 28th of Ramadan until the 4th of Shawwal (changes on the Gregorian Calendar each year)
Eid Al- Adha Holiday: starts at 9th of Zilhijjah until the 13th of Zilhijjah (changes on the Gregorian Calendar each year)
National flag The national flag is maroon colour with a broad vertical white stripe at the pole, the two colors being separated with a nine-point serrated line
Meaning of the flag A- The white colour reflects the internationally recognized symbol of peace.
B- The maroon colour symbolizes the bloodshed during the several wars Qatar had undergone, particularly in the second half of the 19th century.
Work hours Government offices: 7 am to 2 pm.
Private establishments: 8 am to 12 noon, and 4 pm to 8 pm. Also increasingly 8 am to 4 pm and 9 am to 5 pm.
Friday and Saturday are the weekend holidays.
Local time 3 hours + GMT
Electrical current 240 Volts + 6% with frequency 50 hertz
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